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Improving Balance: The Power of Stability


Good balance allows us to confidently perform daily tasks, providing freedom from fear of falls and resulting injuries. With a well-maintained balance, we feel empowered, independent, and enjoy an improved quality of life.


The Importance of Improving Balance for a Fulfilled Life

Last year I climbed Mount Kilimanjaro. It was on my bucket list. Despite what many articles and YouTube videos tell you, training for the climb is well advised, it is a hard climb in terms of leg strength, overall energy and balance. The ground is uneven and the even slippery with loose stones in places. I had never paid that much attention to my balance before. When I started testing myself by standing on one leg and doing lunges, I was amazed at some of the difficulty I had and I was amazed at the kinds of improvement that I was able to make with 3 months of training. Balance is critical to our everyday lives, affecting everything from routine tasks to overall well-being. As we age, maintaining balance is key to our independence and fall prevention. In short, good balance contributes to a life lived to its fullest.


mountain climber standing on a rock in hiking shoes

Good balance allows us to confidently perform daily tasks, providing freedom from fear of falls and resulting injuries. When balance is off, even simple tasks can become challenging, leading to a vicious cycle of fear, anxiety, and withdrawal from physical activities and social interactions. This can trigger muscle weakening, reduced flexibility, and feelings of isolation. On the flip side, with a well-maintained balance, we feel empowered, independent, and enjoy an improved quality of life.



Pill bottle with medication

Factors Affecting Balance and Stability

Several factors can affect balance, including age, medical conditions, and certain medications. Aging can lead to muscle weakness, reduced joint flexibility, and slower reflexes, compromising our balance. Conditions such as inner ear disorders, neurological issues, and vision problems can also influence balance. Additionally, some medications may have side effects that interfere with stability and coordination. It is important to note that not all medications have a direct impact on balance, but some do have side effects that can influence our stability and coordination. Here are a few examples:

  1. Sedatives and tranquilizers: These medications can cause drowsiness, dizziness, and impaired concentration, all of which can affect balance and increase the risk of falls.

  2. Antihypertensive drugs: Some blood pressure medications, especially those that lower blood pressure rapidly or excessively, can cause orthostatic hypotension. This condition leads to a sudden drop in blood pressure upon standing, resulting in lightheadedness or fainting, which can compromise balance.

  3. Antidepressants: Certain antidepressants, particularly those classified as tricyclic antidepressants, can cause drowsiness, dizziness, and blurred vision, making it more challenging to maintain balance.

  4. Pain medications: Opioid pain medications can induce drowsiness and dizziness, affecting balance and coordination.

It is important to consult with a healthcare professional, such as a doctor or pharmacist, regarding the potential side effects of any medications you are taking. They can provide guidance on managing medication-related effects on balance and suggest alternative options if necessary.

If you experience balance issues, it's essential to know that many symptoms can be mitigated. Let's consider stroke, for example. While you can't reverse the stroke, you can work towards regaining the lost balance. So, what can we do to improve balance?


People standing with arms outspread

A Balance Enhancing Routine: Exercises for Improving Balance

Sometimes the simplest things can offer the biggest benefits. Here's a simple and short exercise routine that focuses on improving balance. Doing this little routine consistently daily will improve balance over the course of a few months.


  1. Single-Leg Stance: Stand near a wall or sturdy support for balance assistance, if needed. Lift one foot off the ground and balance on the other leg. Aim to hold this position for 30 seconds to 1 minute. Repeat on the other leg. Perform 2-3 sets on each leg.

  2. Heel-to-Toe Walk: Find a clear pathway and take slow, deliberate steps, placing the heel of one foot directly in front of the toes of the opposite foot. Keep your gaze forward and arms out to the sides for balance. Repeat for 10-15 steps.

  3. Standing Leg Swings: Stand next to a wall or support for stability. Swing one leg forward and backward like a pendulum, keeping the movements controlled. Start with 10 swings on each leg, gradually increasing the range of motion as you feel more comfortable.

  4. Tandem Stand: Stand with one foot directly in front of the other, heel to toe. Find your balance and hold this position for 20-30 seconds. Switch the position of your feet and repeat. Aim for 2-3 sets.

  5. Marching in Place: Stand with your feet hip-width apart. Lift one knee towards your chest, then lower it down and repeat with the other leg. Continue this marching motion for 30-60 seconds, focusing on maintaining good posture and stability.

Remember to perform these exercises on a stable surface, wear comfortable shoes, and have a sturdy support nearby if needed. Start with a warm-up and end with a cool-down, including gentle stretches for the lower body.

Gradually increase the intensity, duration, or difficulty of these exercises as you feel more confident and balanced. It's essential to listen to your body, and if you experience any pain or discomfort, modify the exercises or consult with a healthcare professional or a qualified trainer for guidance.


Consistency is Key: Gradual Progress and Patience

Improving balance can take time and varies for everyone. With consistent practice, benefits can be observed within a few weeks, with more robust improvements over several months. Engage in balance training exercises at least two to three times a week, dedicating about 10 - 20 minutes each session. Remember, progress is gradual, so be patient and persistent.


Man and a woman practicing yoga

Balance Beyond the Physical: The Holistic Approach

Balance is more than just physical stability; it's a harmonious blend of all life's aspects. As we journey towards improving balance, let's remind ourselves that each step forward brings us closer to a healthier, independent life. In the words of Albert Einstein, "Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance, you must keep moving." So, keep moving, find your balance, and embrace the beauty of a fulfilling life.

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